DID AN ASIAN HORNET CHOOSE A CAULIFLOWER AS ONE OF ITS'' " FIVE A DAY" ?

 

The Sun Newspaper of 16th April, reports about an an Asian Hornet being found in a cauliflower grown in Boston Lincolnshire, and in The Express on the 13th (Published on18th) of this month there is a report of a policeman finding a 2" hornet residing in some soil under a plant pot.

The intrepid upholder of our English Laws imediately put a glass over it and trapped it. He is reported to have said "The hornet was just under two inches long and was the stuff of “nightmares”, adding “We just found this beast living under soil in an old plant pot.”

He sent the shown photo to DEFRA for the experts to look into what type of hornet it was, asking whether it is a deadly hornet . At the time of writing,  DEFRA have yet to answer his query.

It was in October 2106 that we saw the first nest of Asian Hornets in the U.K. when it was promptly and efficiently dealt with, however this is the first report of what could be the Asian 'Giant' Hornet. The previouus specie of Asian Hornet was half the size of the 'Giant' variety. Even our own common European Hornet (Vespa crabro) is larger than our visitors in 2106 but not as great a threat to our honey bees.

The Asian Hornets found in 2016, built a nest high in a tree as is their norm, whereas, the Asian Giant Hornet in its' native territories build their nests in the ground.

If DEFRA confirm this is is a 'Giant' Hornet rather than a 'Queen of the Europen type (which is my personal idea), then the public have to be made aware of the danger of these insects could pose to human life.

It is reported that Asian Giant Hornets can have a three-inch wingspan and a stinger 5mm long, which is described by its victims as like having a “hot nail” driven into the skin. In 2013 in Japan there were about 40 people died from the stings, with the same amount of reported deaths in China. These victims were stung at least 60 times each.    A hornet like a wasp can sting many times as it has a smooth stinger whereas a honey bee can only sting once as its' barbed stinger stays in our elastic skin and it rips its stinger and some of its entrials out after it has stung us and then she dies. Some say poetic justice, but a bee only stings in self defence or, to protect its' hive.

In conclusion without the word from DEFRA, we hope  that it is NOT the Asian Giant Hornet (Vespa mandarinia), including the subspecies Japanese giant hornet (V. m.japonica) . These are native to temperate and tropical Eastern Asia.   While we have some weird weather in the U.K. I don't think it could ever be called tropical, and it is in doubt that this giant hornet could survive here for long.

BUT as beekeepers, we have obvioulsy got to be vigilant for any variety of The Asian Hornet

 Article by Graham Robinson.

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UP TO DATE INFORMATION ON BEE SUBJECTS.

BEES TO BE REPLACED BY ROBOT POLLINATORS ?

From The Sun Newspaper Tuesday 20th February

"BEE-BOT CROP AID"

The Sun  reported that robotic bees could be used to pilinate crops due the worldwide losses in bee colonies.

Three quaters of crops rely on insects for pollination and so Scientists at Havard niversityin the USA have developed remote cotrol "RoboBees" which are smaller than a paper-clip.

The leaind developer of the new style "bee" said these could be available for use withn about five years. These little robots will be fitted with GPS trackers and asingle bee could accept a command such as "Go to these 10 flowers"while the rest oftheir roboic pals could receive a another simIar instruction.

This may get the crops pollinated, but could it lead to a reductinon in pesticde controls? 

What would happen to the price of honey as it becomes rarer?

Many questions come to mind.

Your comments would be appreciated ! Send them to editor@cdbka.com.

Article by Graham Robinson.

Web Editor.

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DO YOU KNOW BEES SAY “WHOOPS” WHEN THEY  BUMP INTO EACH OTHER!

Interestingly this article was stimulated by a recent question on the “Q.I.”  programme on t.v. (click on underline words to jumpto the actual article)

Researchers used to think that the “Whoops” sound was made as  a ‘stop/’ signal only but recently researchers have found that honeybees do actually produce a “whoop sound when they bump into each other, the noise might just be conveying surprise as we might say “Oops!” they make a sound that goes “Whoops!” Not too dissimilar is it?. Bees produce the sound with their wing muscles to create the vibrational pulse.  One of the research team, physicist Martin Bencsik from Nottingham Trent University in the UK. said, "We have found that this signal is remarkably common, much more than previously thought."

It's well known that honeybees communicate through vibrational signals, but why the bees actually make them has been up for debate.  Way back in the 1950’s, scientists suggested that the vibration signal was used as a request for food, as they observed that the noise was often followed by the bees exchanging meals. Later, researchers also noticed that the noise was used to inhibit another bee from performing a waggle dance – a form of communication used to tell other bees where to go to forage. The stopping of this waggle dance suggest that it worked as a 'stop signal' for some reason better known to the bee itself.

But new research suggests that the way the bees were investigated in those past studies was flawed, and the signal is more common than we thought.  "Scientists in the past have explored this signal in artificial circumstances where they ensured that the bees under investigation would be trying to inhibit other bees," said Bencsik.

He also went on to explain, “In our latest research studies, we have not manipulated our bees in any way, and this has revealed totally unexpected results, yielding new interpretations but also yet more mystery around this brief honeybee vibrational pulse." The team placed accelerometers into the centre of two hives in the UK and in France to record bee noises that are inaudible to the human ear. The vibrations were recorded for a year, and computer software scanned the recordings for the vibration "whooping" noise. He goes on to say "We believe that in only a small number of instances is it used as an inhibitory signal and therefore have proposed a new name – the 'whooping' signal." 

The team found that the accelerometer would pick up six or seven "whoops" a minute, and from a very small area in the honeycomb.  "There's no way a bee was trying to inhibit another one that frequently, and there's no way a bee would request food that frequently," Bencsik told Sam Wong at New Scientist.

When the researchers also placed cameras inside the hive, they noticed that it happened most when the bees bumped into each other, but it also happened if the hive was knocked or shaken. "We suggest that, in the majority of instances, it is bees being startled that produce the signal," says Bencsik.   In other words the bees are doing the bee equivalent of a surprised gasp – and it makes these adorable noises even better!

But the researchers aren't done yet – the team is now investigating if stressed colonies whoop more than unstressed colonies. "It shows promise that our methods can be used as a sensitive way of monitoring and assessing colony status for these hugely important pollinators," said one of the researchers, Michael Ramsey.

What's next ? Technology & pollenation!

Drones but not those created in a bee-hive! [click the lunderlined link below to see the video of them in action]

Rezearchers are now looking at Black Mirror - style bee drones to replace the real thing, supposedly to help the current ack of bee population.  

See :- http://www.sciencealert.com/the-world-s-first-pollinating-drone-could-be-the-answer-to-the-bee-pocalypse

We certainly don't want to lose those cute "whoops" if robot drones become the norm.

Article by Graham Robinson

With thanks to Jacinta Bowler; The Daily Mail; The New Scientist; Science Alert; Phys.org/news;

Further reading : http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4224136/Honey-bees-let-whoop-noise-startled.html#ixzz4xhFAnzR3   

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Hornet being "balled" - Heated to death!

Video of an European Hornet lunching on a honeybee (hit the forward arrow)

Thanks for sharing the video go to the owner of the munched on honeybee - Richard Lambeth.
Richard said "I saw the hornet at my hives it came twice and I watched it hawking and catching a bee then kill it before carrying it away, until then I was not aware the European hornet did this, I hope you find this video as fascinating as I do."

This is an European Hornet more inormation at :- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_hornet
Check out this amazing hornet v honey bee video at-:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JDSf3Kshq1M

The Asian Hornet poses a HUGE threat to our bees in the UK and has beeen found in the Channe Isles - more info:-
http://www.bbka.org.uk/files/library/vespa-velutina-asian-hornet_1319053310.pdf

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4. Sep, 2016

A TIP THAT COULD HELP YOU IF YOU ARE STUNG

Hi Beefolks,
I thought I had better pass this tip about bee stings on to you.
A couple of weeks ago a friend of mine ( a non beekeeper) got stung on his forehead while he was near my hives. My son said go and put some TCP on the sting telling him there was some in our bathroom cabinet. We always use TCP for stings and, our friend rushed into my home only to find my wife was taking a bath and he couldn't get to the TCP !
Instead he went into our separate loo and seeing no TCP but spotted some toothpaste on the sink shelf, he squeezed some onto his finger and applied it to the sting. He reported that within minutes the pain had gone. When I was told of this I thought "Yeh right!" this can't be true and thought my friend was just being macho and pretending the toothpaste had worked while quietly suffering from the sting.
Today while painting a fence by my hives, I was stung twice once on my neck and once under my eye. I decided to try the toothpaste treatment and low and behold it worked ! The pain of the sting dissipated totally over the next ten minutes. All that was left were two white spots of dried toothpaste which easily washed off.
All I can say in conclusion , why not try toothpaste on your next sting? If it doesn't work for you then go back to using your own treatment or, try TCP which I can guarantee does work and it also sterilises the sting site as bees have dirty feet.
Graham Robinson - Editor

4. Sep, 2016